Dr. Sheetal Mahajani (Dhadphale) - A Liver Physician in Pune

Liver Physician Specialist in Pune

GI Endoscopy

Dr Sheetal Mahajani (Dhadphale) – a liver physician specialist in Pune, provides endoscopic services to individuals undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures on an outpatient or inpatient basis. She has widely performed endoscopic procedures to evaluate the oesophagus, stomach, and portions of the intestine.


Endoscopy is the procedure of examining inside the body using an endoscope device consisting of a flexible tube and an optical system. During the endoscopic procedure, an endoscope is inserted inside the body through a natural opening. An Endoscopic procedure is usually prescribed by a liver physician specialist or gastroenterologist to diagnose and evaluate a condition and decide the course of treatment.

An endoscopic procedure is not painful usually but can be uncomfortable. Majority of people only have mild discomfort, similar to indigestion or a sore throat. The procedure is usually done while you’re awake. You may be given local anaesthesia to numb a specific area of your body.


After an upper GI endoscopy, you can expect the following: 

  • To stay at the hospital or outpatient centre for 1 to 2 hours after the procedure so the sedative can wear off. 
  • To rest at home for the entire day. 
  • Nausea or bloating for a short duration after the procedure.

Gastroscopy & EGD (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy)

Gastroscopy is a procedure for evaluating and diagnosing problems with the upper GI tract (esophagus, stomach and duodenum) including cancers, ulcers, varices, strictures and reflux. An EGD, or esophagogastroduodenoscopy, provides a view from the mouth to the beginning of the small bowel. This procedure is typically performed on patients who have difficulty swallowing or who may have ulcers, heartburn, upper GI (gastrointestinal) bleeding, or to find the cause of abdominal pain. It is also used to investigate tumours or abnormalities in the upper GI tract. Such procedures are usually performed by a gastroenterologist or a liver physician specialist.


A colonoscopy provides a view of the interior lining of the large intestine (colon) using a colonoscope, a video tube. The procedure provides a view of the large bowel. A biopsy may be performed to evaluate tissue. It may be used to evaluate hemorrhoids, rectal bleeding, polyps and in determining the extent of inflammatory bowel disease. A colonoscopy also helps diagnose colon cancer.

Biopsies for various GI Cancer

During a biopsy, the doctor removes a sample of the abnormal tissue area. Most often during the upper endoscopy, sample for biopsies of stomach cancer are obtained. Sample for biopsies may also be taken from possible cancer spread area or nearby lymph nodes and suspicious areas in other parts of the body.


Polypectomy is a surgical procedure to remove polyps from inside of the colon, also known as the large intestine. A polyp is an abnormal saturation of tissue. The procedure is relatively non-invasive and is mostly carried out at the time of colonoscopy.

ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography)

The ERCP, or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, examines the pancreatic, gall bladder and biliary ducts. It can identify and remove stones or diagnosis tumors in the ducts or identify a narrowing of the ducts.

Liver Biopsies

A liver biopsy is a procedure in which a small needle is inserted into the liver to collect a tissue sample by a liver physician specialist. The tissue is then analyzed in a laboratory to help doctors diagnose a variety of disorders and diseases in the liver. A liver biopsy is most often performed to help identify the cause of :

  • Persistent abnormal liver blood tests (liver enzymes)
  • Unexplained yellowing of the skin (jaundice)
  • A liver abnormality found on ultrasound, CT scan, or nuclear scan
  • Unexplained enlargement of the liver


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